About Diabetes

Almost 1.5 million Ontarians have diabetes. Most can lead healthy lives if they:

  • eat a balanced diet
  • exercise regularly
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • manage blood glucose levels, taking insulin if needed

Ontario offers a number of programs to help people with diabetes improve their quality of life and avoid complications.

If not treated or properly managed, diabetes can cause a number of serious health problems. These include heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, eye disease, erectile dysfunction (impotence), and nerve damage.

 

Resources

The Diabetes and You Tool Kit – A diabetes tutorial with easy-to understand fact sheets and short videos to help you manage your disease. You can order the Kit through Service Ontario.

Diabetes fact sheets, organized by topics are available to download in 13 languages. Watch these diabetes videos for tips from experts to help you lead a healthier life.

Who is more likely to get diabetes?

You are more likely to get diabetes if you:

  • are of Aboriginal, Asian, South Asian or African descent
  • are overweight (especially if you carry most of your weight around your middle)
  • have a parent, brother or sister with diabetes
  • have health complications associated with diabetes, such as eye, nerve or kidney problems
  • gave birth to a baby weighing more than 4 kg (9 lbs)
  • had diabetes while you were pregnant
  • have a history of impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose or pre-diabetes
  • have high blood pressure
  • have high cholesterol or other high levels of fats in the blood
  • use glucocorticoid medication
  • have been diagnosed with any of the following conditions:
    • polycystic ovary syndrome
    • acanthosis nigricans (darkened patches of skin)
    • schizophrenia
    • obstructive sleep apnea

Diabetes symptoms

You can get diabetes even if you don’t have any of the common risk factors in the list above.

If you are developing diabetes or high blood glucose, your body will often show signs like:

  • feeling more thirsty
  • frequent urination
  • a sudden weight gain or loss
  • low energy or feeling more tired than usual
  • blurred vision
  • frequent or repeat infections
  • injuries, such as cuts and bruises, that are slow to heal
  • tingling or no feeling in your hands or feet
  • trouble getting or maintaining an erection

If you have symptoms like these, talk to your health care provider.

– Originally published at: https://www.ontario.ca/page/preventing-and-living-diabetes

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